Darren Littlejohn, CYT
Darren Littlejohn, CYT
being of questionable authenticity
ORIGIN: From Late Latin ‘apocryphus’ secret, not approved for public reading, from Greek ‘apokryphos’ hidden, obscure, thus (books) of unknown authorship (especially those included in the Septuagint and Vulgate but not originally written in Hebrew and not counted as genuine by the Jews), from ‘apo-’ away + ‘kryptein’ to hide. Properly plural (the single would be apocryphon), but commonly treated as a collective singular. Apocryphal of doubtful authenticity is from 1590.
nu•mi•nous (no͞o′mə‑nəs, nyo͞o′‑)
1. Of or relating to a numen; supernatural.
2. Filled with or characterized by a sense of a supernatural presence: a numinous place.
3. Spiritually elevated; sublime.
From Latin nūmen, nūmin-, numen.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright © 2008, 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Updated in 2008. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved. © 2010-2012 Enfour, Inc.
(of weather or climate) not mild; subject to extremes • an intemperate climate • intemperate zones
excessive in behavior • intemperate rage
given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors
syn: hard, heavy
ORIGIN: “characterized by excessive indulgence in a passion or appetite,” c.1430, from Latin intemperatus “untempered, inclement, immoderate,” from in- “not” + temperantia (see temperance).
express strong disapproval of
syn: condemn, reprobate, decry, objurgate
tear or wear off the skin or make sore by abrading
ORIGIN: 1447 (implied in excoriation), from Late Latin excoriatus, pp. of excoriare “flay, strip off the hide,” from Latin ex- “off” + corium “hide, skin.” Figurative sense of “denounce, censure” first recorded in English 1708.
(of language) transparently clear; easily understandable • writes in a limpid style
syn: lucid, luculent, pellucid, crystal clear, perspicuous
transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity • could see the sand on the bottom of the limpid pool
syn: crystalline, crystal clear, lucid, pellucid, transparent
clear and bright • limpid blue eyes
ORIGIN: 1609, from French limpide, from Latin limpidus “clear,” from limpa “water goddess, water;” probably cognate with lympha “clear liquid” (see lymph).
harsh criticism or disapproval
the state of being excommunicated
syn: excommunication, exclusion
syn: reprimand, criminate
ORIGIN: c.1378, from Latin censura “judgment” (see censor). The verb is first attested 1589.